China develops unequally, there is a big difference between the east of China and the west of China.
Income inequality in China
The west of China develops much slower than the east of China.
China’s average per capita disposable income stood at 25,974 yuan in 2017. However, the average per capita disposable income in Shanghai reached about 59,000 yuan (9,316 U.S. dollars).
The per capita income for urban residents in Qinghai and Gansu provinces in western China were 22,307 yuan (US$ 3,566.90) and 20,804 yuan (US$ 3,326.56) respectively in 2015.
Education inequality in China
Education inequality in China exists on multiple levels, with significant disparities occurring along gender, geographical, and ethnic divides. More specifically, disparities exist in the distribution of educational resources nationwide, as well as the availability of education on levels ranging from basic to higher education.
Shanghai recent rankings at the top of the PISA 2013 exam.
Shanghai, the largest city in China, was the first to achieve one hundred percent primary and junior high school enrollment. It was one of the first to achieve almost universal secondary school attendance.
On the other hand, rural students who are from the west of China continue to experience the entrenched disadvantages in curriculum, instruction and school staffing, compared with east urban peers.
Number of museums in China
Museum booming in China
By 2013, China had already built almost fifteen hundred museums—in essence finishing a new museum every day during the periods of heaviest construction. “Jeffrey Johnson, director of Columbia University’s China Megacities Lab, calls the ‘museumification’ of China: a building boom so frothy it is running away with itself. Not just in Beijing and Shanghai but also in the second- and third-tier cities beyond, new museums are hatching out every day, many of them still without collections and curators. ” China has so many museums now. However, most of museums are still lack of collections. We have learned about the Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs.
So a lot of Chinese people are still struggling with food. They are trying to make their ends meet everyday. They are just too tired to visit museums. Some museums such as the Palace Museum and the Terra Cotta Warriors Museum have a lot of visitors all the time. However, some museums on the west of China only have a few visitors.
On the other hand, in Chinese culture, family prefers to eat dinner together everyday between 7:00 pm to 9:00 pm. During this time, three generations or two generations would sit together at the dinning room or living room, eating dinner and watching TV together.
The Nation’s Greatest Treasures is a popular factual entertainment programme which Chinese people like to watch during dinner time. People prefer to rest at home with their families in the evening. This show invited 9 Chinese leading museums to get involved. Each episode presents one museum’s precious objects. Chinese celebrities become the guardians of the museum objects. Each celebrity puts on a costume and plays a role in a theatrical piece of studio storytelling. The TV programme explores the museum objects’ intriguing history and value. Then the directors of the nine museums come together to discuss the great values behind each objects which they look after. At the end, common people who has learned about or has inherited this treasure’ spirit will present their special stories or connections between the treasure and them. Viewers voted online to choose which object would displayed in a special exhibition at the Palace Museum. Over 1.7 billions pieces of online comments, the show became an instant TV and culture phenomenon in China.
This show has reached a lot of Chinese people in the world. No matter where they live and no matter what socioeconomic status they are. They watched it at home with their families or watched it online at home by themselves. Sometimes on the metro or on the bus, people were watching this show in their cellphones. People started to like museums and they started to visit museums. Especially the younger generation, they are the future of the world. They visited museum more than before. They also #thenationalsgreatestreasures on Weibo. They even said they have learned so much from this show and they are proud of their cultures and identities.
The National Greatest Treasures programme team are working on the season 2 show.
They have collaborated with BBC, the British Museum and other companies.
The first museum in China was established in 1905. Chinese museum education started much later than America. Not until recent years, Chinese museums just started to develop museum education programs in China. In China, this show did considered China’s actual national conditions. It promoted more visitors to visit museums and also spread knowledge in China. Viewers were deeply touched by these national treasures’s stories. They felt extremely proud of themselves after they watched the show, many of them even cried. I think museums should not only take advantages of the social media, but also leverage the mainstream television channel to spread knowledge.
Maybe in the future, Chinese museum educators and American educators can collaborate with each other and develop more good education programs for the public.
Resource: Xinhua| 2018-02-25 21:08:08|Editor: Mengjie|Shanghai’s per capita disposable income nears 59,000 yuan, highest in China|http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-02/25/c_136999264.htm